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Better understanding, better results

This article tackles the concept of developmental readiness and its intricacies with the intention of illuminating its importance in any learning dialogue. The key factors relating to developmental readiness are defined and explored, in relation to one-to-one tuition, in the hope that in understanding them, you are better able to support the learning of your child. The role of the tutor is defined with regard to each factor throughout this article, which, while illustrating my personal approach to tuition, is not a one-size-fits all model for tuition.

Developmental Readiness
Developmental readiness is the term used to define how ready someone is to develop in their learning. In fact, developmental readiness is simply a combination of different factors that can impact on learning. They are: i) goal orientation; ii) self-efficacy; and iii) metacognitive ability. Understanding what these are, and what you can do to improve these factors, will help you better understand how learning works, and, therefore, how to learn more effectively.

Goal orientation
According to psychologist Carol Dweck (1989), people can be said to have either a performance-goal orientation or a learning goal orientation. It is important, then, to understand what these two goal orientations actually mean. Essentially, an individual either sees themselves as fixed, and unchangeable (performance goal orientation), or malleable and able to develop (learning goal orientation). Those with a fixed mind-set might avoid learning situations that may result in failure or negative judgments of their competence. Whereas, those with a learning-goal orientation will approach learning situations that may result in failure with a willingness to take those risks. Learning occurs most effectively when incorrect preconceptions are challenged, so those willing to risk failure will be more likely to fail, and, therefore, learn!
As a result, supportive behaviours that promote psychological safety must be employed in order to create an environment in which one is able to employ one’s self without fear of negative consequences. In fact, learning may be promoted, especially with those identified as having a performance-goal orientation, when incremental goal-setting steadily increases the difficulty or challenge of learning events, while also illuminating and celebrating each achieved milestone.
The role of the tutor with regard to goal orientation, then, is to provide a supportive environment in which all individuals will thrive, while also providing the skills to enable performance-goal oriented individuals to challenge their preconceptions of self, and thus become learning-goal oriented learners.
Self-efficacy

Self-efficacy is a term used to describe an individuals confidence in their own ability. High levels of self-efficacy are linked with the ability to acquire new, and often complex, skills; memory functioning; and academic performance.

Learning efficacy can be increased in four distinct ways: enacted mastery experiences, role-modelling, feedback, and physiological and psychological arousal.
Hands-on mastery experiences are high quality learning experiences that challenge an individuals current thinking. In these instances, cognitive disequilibrium is produced. These events therefore entail reflection to resolve the disequilibrium and to alter one’s mental models by incorporating new knowledge.
Through role-modelling, efficacy is built by observing successful performance by another individual conducting mastery experiences. This may convince individuals that they are also able to complete the learning task and that their capabilities for learning performance exceeds what they believed their current capabilities to be.
Formative and summative feedback can provide support for: the exploration of ideas, knowledge creation, and the self-esteem and high expectations necessary for performance.
Raising levels of psychological arousal may be achieved by tapping into individuals’ interests. This notion correlates with increasing positive feelings about a particular topic area. Greater intrinsic motivation for learners may result in a greater allocation of effort to learn.

As a result, a tutors role in increasing an individuals self-efficacy is important. Only through experienced, professional delivery of materials can an individual engage with subject material, while also develop a positive relationship with learning in the long-term.

Metacognitive ability
Metacognitive ability really refers to the idea of thinking about thinking. Thinking about thinking requires introspection over the thinking process. It will therefore provide insight into the adequacy of information people are using in their thinking, thus enabling them to identify what further information they may need to improve their thinking process.

Metacognition serves as an executive control that is critical in processing new knowledge and adapting mental models. Metacognition has been linked strongly to the effective use of: learning strategies; motivation for self-regulated learning; and overall learning performance.

Metacognitive ability may be developed through efficacy-building experiences. These experiences in turn may challenge what individuals believe they know and then they may be taught metacognitive processing strategies in order to identify what should or should not be salient during learning processes.

The importance of questioning ones own, and others preconceptions is vital! Learning arises not just from representations of conceptual material but from questioning among fellow learners as they tackle unfamiliar problems. In essence, questions enable thoughts, thoughts enable thinking, thinking enables thinking about thinking, and thinking about thinking enables progressive learning.

The role of the tutor here, then, is to promote an environment in which effective communication is established, while also advocating time for reflection and thought.

Final thoughts
So there you have it! Developmental readiness to every article! Tuition shouldnt just be about the delivery of important academic material: It should extend, challenge and motivate learning in all aspects of life! Through facilitating the growth of developmental readiness, tutors can ensure excellent results for their students upcoming assessments, while also enabling their independence, autonomy and learning in the future.

LETS STUDY FOR YOUR EXAM TOGETHER

 
Melodie Argi
Melodie Argi
08:14 18 Oct 19
Tavistock tutors is by far the best tutor agency is London. The tutor selection is of the highest quality. Handpicked from the British intellectual elite in all sorts of disciplines. The staff is wonderfully helpful as well as being extremely attentive to feedback.read more
Henry Smith
Henry Smith
22:27 17 Oct 19
I have been employed as a tutor with Tavistock Tutors for over 5 years. I tutor mathematics and also help people with job preparation for different career routes (cv, cover letter, interview preparation and online test prep). They are simply a wonderful team of individuals who work collectively and strive to deliver the best possible service to both clients and their tutors. They work doggedly to achieve results. They are particularly honest and their feedback to tutors on how to improve is tailored, concise and always highly constructive. Even after 5 yrs, they only put me forward as a tutor if they think I am the absolute best they can find otherwise they are honest with me and explain why I was not put forward. I think this transparency is a huge reason for their success and keeps the best tutors on their books for years. Their communication on what a client wants is also clinically precise and effective and the team go out of their way to provide potential interests/passions of the client to help the tutor prepare accordingly for the lessons and nurture that interaction. Simply the finest agency and I have tutored with some of the best. World-class tutors and utmost confidentiality with respect to their clientele. I cannot be happier to work for them, a dream job with a team whose capacity for kindness, empathy and boundless intellect never ceases to amaze me. Their work ethic inspires me to relentlessly push myself to be a better tutor with their encouragement and constructive feedback.read more
Albert Tam
Albert Tam
20:50 17 Oct 19
Best tutors in London! Great experience and amazing customer service. Highly recommend, my tutors were all fantastic and a huge help. Really recommend Tavistock Tutors as I never had to worry about not getting the highest quality tutors unlike other agencies and online tutors.read more
I ME
I ME
16:13 17 Oct 19
I’ve used Tavistock multiple times and they never disappoint! I used them for myself secondary school, whilst at university and even now whilst working. Their service is second to none as are their tutors. I highly recommend them to anyone looking to better themselves academically or personally.read more
STAVROS MOUSLOPOULOS
STAVROS MOUSLOPOULOS
13:22 06 Oct 19
Why most reviewers have one contribution, namely to the Tavistock Tutors? High standards ? Mate get a real job rather than living off other's qualifications. Reality Check (See photos attached - that is the owner “looking for me” 1.5 years after leaving London and while my name and photo was on first page of Tavistock Tutor website...)read more
Jonathan Aaron
Jonathan Aaron
16:39 01 Aug 19
Amazing experience, the tutor was reliable, knowledgeable and reasonably priced and the company was both professional and reliable. Definitely will be using them again!read more
David T
David T
16:34 01 Aug 19
I used Tavistock for some Corporate Finance and Financial Modelling training at my firm. They were extremely helpful and the trainer, Simon, was of top quality, experience and charged a fair price. Thank you!read more
Olivia Pluss
Olivia Pluss
11:05 13 Jun 19
I had a fantastic experience with my tutor Elena and Tavistock Tutors. They were very well organized and made the entire experience so seamless and easy for me. I passed my assignment with great marks and the experience was much less stressful than if I had tried to complete the assignment without Elena's help.read more
J Mathews
J Mathews
11:27 22 May 19
My child used Glenda for HL biology. Glenda was outstanding. I would not hesitate to recommend her. Extremely intelligent, always prepared, knows how to teach/very helpful, and also just a nice person. Also, I would use Tavistock again for sure because we had such success with Glenda.read more
Alan Radford
Alan Radford
09:34 09 May 19
Tavistock Tutors were a delight to deal with, and highly professional at all times. They provided my daughter with an excellent tutor at very short notice - after my having approached them on a Thursday urgently requesting a tutor for that weekend. Tavistock Tutors immediately gave the matter their attention; they appreciated the urgency and responded quickly and efficiently, and helped to set my daughter up with exactly the right sort of tutor. Fantastic!read more
Sophie Taieb
Sophie Taieb
12:55 29 Mar 19
Very happy with Tavistock tutors services. They provide a wide range of tutors, from all backgrounds and for all types of needs. My uni son needed some help in research and methodology. We found a perfectly suited tutor in less than 3 days. He is very knowledgeable, punctual, open minded and brings the support needed to my son. I would definitely recommend Tavistock tutorsread more
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