Once you’ve identified your top schools, check out their financial aid websites to learn about specific scholarships that they may award to international students. Typically, schools provide three types of scholarships: need-based, merit-based, and sports scholarships. Need-based scholarships are based on families’ financial needs; hence the term “needs-based”. Whereas merit-based scholarships are awarded solely based on academic achievement. If you are athletic, sports scholarships may be another option for you.